The Arctic Sunrise case was brought unilaterally by the Netherlands against the Russian Federation under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on October 4, 2013 after the Russian Federation had boarded the vessel and arrested it and its crew. The article discusses the subsequent arbitral proceedings and in particular assesses the reasoning of the arbitral tribunal on the issue of hot pursuit. It concludes that the tribunal’s findings are controversial in several respects. Although the Russian Federation did not participate in the arbitration, it did issue a number of official statements and documents. The article provides a legal assessment of these statements and documents, concluding that they are difficult to square with the applicable law on a number of points.