In early 2005, the Secretary of Defense issued a memo titled “Policy Implementation to Improve Formation and Sustainment of Joint Task Force Headquarters” to accelerate the military’s ability to command and control an integrated force. This required service components to establish and refine the ability to conduct, coordinate, and integrate operations both vertically and horizontally across a range of military operations. While for decades the Navy had improved its C2 construct at the tactical level through the composite warfare commander (CWC) concept, there was still no standardized approach to C2 in the maritime domain that would seamlessly employ forces in a joint environment across AOR’s to effectively establish working relationships with other Service components or functional commands. This article illustrates how the MOC Standardization process addressed this deficiency.
"Reading the Navy's Operational Level C2 Concept: MOC Standardization,"
MOC Warfighter: Vol. 1
, Article 2.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/moc-warfighter/vol1/iss5/2