The word Panama, over the year has come to represent a variety of things: A republic, a canal, a U.S. colony, a progressive Latin American ally, and, more recently, a thorn in the side of American diplomacy.
Carey, William K.
"Analysis of a Conflict in Panama,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 20
, Article 5.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol20/iss8/5