One of the explanations that has been postulated to explain individual differences in human behavior is the role theory. In this article the author examines this theory and then, through several examples, illustrates how it applies to the decisions that must be made by the commanding officer.
Meeker, Quentin S.
"The Commander and Individual Behavior,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 23
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol23/iss4/8