The October 1973 war in the Middle East finally witnessed the long threatened use of the Arab "oil weapon." The major Arab oil producers-Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, the Sheikhdoms on the Persian Gulf, Algeria, and Libya-all embargoed shipments of their oil to the United States. The embargo was de• signed to curtail U.S. military, economic, and diplomatic support for Israel and to cause this nation to force Israel to return to the pre-1967 cease-fire lines.
"Oil and National Security,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 27
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol27/iss3/3