Leon Trotsky, more than any other man, was responsible for the successful blend of peasant and proletariat that created the Red army. His theories of revolution were based on winning the army rather than defeating it, and that was a key element in the ultimate victory of the proletariat in October 1917.
Jones, David R.
"Armies and Revolution: Trotsky's Pre-1917 Military Thought,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 27
, Article 10.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol27/iss4/10