The Washington Treaty was intended to permit its signatories the minimum force necessary for an effective strategic defense while making strategic victory such a gamble that none would risk war. World War II measured the Navy's effectiveness in treaty-limited force planning.
Hone, Thomas C.
"The Effectiveness of the "Washington Treaty" Navy,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 32
, Article 5.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol32/iss7/5