Faced with moral conflict or unethical behavior within an organization, an individual who objects has a choice of three possible responses-exit, voice, and loyalty. The choice and the intensity of pursuit of that choice affect the organization as well as the individual differently. This article examines the factors affecting the availability and appropriateness of each. Neither the bases for morality nor the circumstances which create ethical dilemmas are the focus of this review.
Chaloupka, Mel G.
"Ethical Responses: How to Influence One's Organization,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 40
, Article 10.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol40/iss1/10