The tactic of wearing an adversary down, one step at a time, without arousing him to meaningful response, was first articulated by Sun Tzu in the 4th century B.C. The revolution that gave birth to both the United States and the U.S. Marine Corps and served as the model for so many other struggles for freedom was in large part low-intensity conflict.
Rylander, R. Lynn
"The Future of the Marines in Small Wars,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 40
, Article 6.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol40/iss4/6