Until the development of nuclear fission, no weapon of war had generated more public controversy than the submarine. Calls for its abolition and/or treaty restrictions on submarine operations and construction have been the staple of the 20th century disarmament movement. If this movement can be thought of as a coherent historical trend with its origin in The Hague Conferences of 1898 and 1907, its development has been a contemporary parallel to that of the submarine: from intellectual curiosity to a routine, powerful and exploitable political force.
Tangredi, Sam J.
"Anti-Submarine Warfare and " Arms Control": An Inevitable Collision?,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 42
, Article 7.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol42/iss1/7