At the highest level, a nation's grand strategy influences its choice of naval forces. So, in turn, do military and maritime strategies. Each supports the higher order strategy while providing further insight into specific forces required.
Bartlett, Henry C. and Holman, G. Paul
"Naval Force Planning Cases: Organizing Our Thoughts and Weighing Alternatives,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 43
, Article 6.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol43/iss2/6