Homeland defense was pushed to the top of the national security agenda when in August 1998 North Korea's flight test of its Taep'o dong ballistic missile sparked a renewed debate over national missile defense. The Navy has become embroiled in that debate because its theater ballistic mis sile defense programs could provide a foundation for developing a sea-based national missile defense. It is seldom remembered that the Navy in the recent past took on a significant homeland defense mission-continental air defense. The Navy excelled at the continental air defense mission but found it difficult to reconcile with its other missions of sea control, power projection, and forward presence . That experience is worth examining as we contemplate our role in national defense today.
Bouchard, Joseph F.
"Guarding the Cold War Ramparts: The U.S. Navy's Role in Continental Air Defense,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 52
, Article 6.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol52/iss3/6