Air and aerospace power has been fundamental for defending China’s “near seas”—encompassing the Bohai Gulf, the Yellow Sea, and the East and South China Seas—since the founding of the People’s Republic. While air and naval operations did not play a significant role in the Chinese Civil War, which was won by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the victorious Communist forces were threatened immediately by hostile air and naval forces from the maritime sphere.
Kostecka, Daniel J.
"China’s Aerospace Power Trajectory in the Near Seas,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 65
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol65/iss3/8