Was the battle of Midway won or lost? In a recent edition of the Naval War College Review, James Levy grappled with some of the recurrent issues found in the scholarship of the battle of Midway, all of them related to the question whether one or another aspect of the Japanese way of war led to a catastrophic defeat at the hands of the U.S. Navy. Levy observes that an assumption common to many works is “that the Japanese did as much to lose the battle as the Americans did to win it, or more.”
Hodge, Carl Cavanagh
"The Key to Midway: Coral Sea and a Culture of Learning,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 68
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol68/iss1/8