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This case study focuses on the evolution and development of a non-state group, Sea Shepherd, in the maritime domain. While some might argue that this organization is too small to warrant the attention of the U.S. Navy, others, including the author, argue that its cross-jurisdictional activities and international reach provide important insight into how other groups, or even states, with small maritime capabilities, might challenge international maritime norms.
United States Naval War College Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups
Newport, Rhode Island
Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups, Sea-Shepherd, Maritime Non-State Group
Berube, Claude, “Sea Shepherd: The Evolution of an Eco-Vigilante to Legitimatized Maritime Capacity Builder” (2021). CIWAG Maritime Irregular Warfare Studies. 3. https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/ciwag-maritime-irregular-warfare-studies/3