International Law Studies


Although the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) does not make any express reference to capacity-building, scientific and technological development is a centerpiece of the Convention. In 1982, UNCLOS established a comprehensive legal framework for ocean-related activities with a latent and inexorable link to capacity-building through the transfer of technology, scientific and technical assistance, knowledge sharing, and cooperation and collaboration. Building capacity in the law of the sea enables States to benefit from the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and seas and their resources. In the absence of expertise to incorporate and effectively implement international obligations under the Convention into domestic legislation, the International Maritime Organization's (IMO) International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) was established in 1988 under an agreement concluded between the IMO and the Government of Malta. This international training institution has been assisting governments, particularly those of developing countries, in building up both their human and institutional capacities for the uniform and effective implementation of international maritime law and the general law of the sea for the last three decades.