The first great seafaring people were apparently the Cretans or Minoans, but Phoenicia with her great port of Tyre was the first maritime nation of which we know the history.
Brown, Charles R.
"The Heritage of Tyre,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 2
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol2/iss2/5