Naval War College Review


It perhaps requires no emphasis to this professional audience that the preceding lecture on "coastal state interests'' (making reference to internal waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, and the Continental Shelf) and our topic for today, the "freedoms" of the high seas in time of peace, are but two sides of the same coin. The exclusive interests of coastal states in the enjoyment of proximate waters and the inclusive interests of all states, even including the landlocked, in the enjoyment of the oceans of the world are entirely complementary: when exclusive interests are expanded and inflated, inclusive interests must be contracted and deflated.