Naval War College Review


Few aspects of modern warfare and statecraft are as alien to American thinking as psychological warfare and psychological operations (PSYOPS). Confusion surrounding the concept of psychological operations in this country begins with the terminology itself inasmuch as we as a nation have dealt with propaganda, information (and its uncomfortable ally-culture), political warfare, psychological warfare, and psychological operations without really thinking of each as interrelated and dependent for its -success upon a coordinated whole.