Naval War College Review


The period 1815-1914 has often been characterized by military historians as an era of limited wars, and such a generalization is at least partly justified. The French-Italian war of 1859, Prussia's wars of 1864, 1866, and 1870, the Crimean War, and the Russo­Turkish war of 1877-1878 were all conflicts which required something less than total mobilization and, with one exception, were all resolved short of the total destruction of the defeated power. One conflict during this period, however, proved to be an important exception.