It comes as no surprise that the long-term Soviet goal in the Middle East is to diminish, if not to replace, Western and particularly United States influence. However, at least since the Yom Kippur War, the states and the political forces in the Middle East are subjects and are no longer objects of international politics.
Freedman, Robert O.
"Soviet Policy Toward the Middle East Since the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 29
, Article 8.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol29/iss4/8