Naval War College Review


With Defense Department resources becoming increasingly scarce1 congressional scrutiny becoming even more intense, and the public becoming increasingly apathetic about defense, military decision makers must devote careful attention to ensuring that our combat capability is optimized for each defense dollar invested. This study looks at one portion of the triple threat environment of today's aircraft carrier and its integrated air wing, the subsurface threat to our surface Navy especially within the naval strike force outer zone area, i.e., 90 nautical miles.