The West New Guinea and Malaysian crises of the early sixties involved the United States, Australia, Indonesia, Great Britain, and the Dutch. They may have been provoked by sheer mischievousness but they centered on questions of colonialism, nationalism, self-determination, independence, and regional security. They muddied understanding of ANZUS, SEATO, and bilateral responsibilities. There were real political costs but if there was a victor, it was the United States.
Barclay, Glen St. J.
"In the Sticky Fly Paper: The United States, Australia and Indonesia, 1959-1964,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 34:
4, Article 7.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol34/iss4/7