Naval War College Review


After George Bush enters the White House in January 1989, he will move quickly to review American foreign and national security policy in many parts of the world. One area requiring urgent attention is what scholars and diplomats loosely call the Middle East-a geographical designation that does not easily lend itself to analysis or policy formulation because the states and issues involved display significant differences. For example, the Arab-Israeli conflict, Iran-Iraq war, and civil war in Afghanistan occurred within the Middle East area; yet, they are viewed differently in terms of U.S. national interests and policy responses.