Naval War College Review


America has been called "a nation with the soul of a church." 1 Religious language and symbolism rooted in the Judea-Christian experience abounds in the history and social ritual of America. Since the first inaugural address of President George Washington, our chief executives have invoked "that Almighty Being who rules over the universe, who presides in the council of nations, and whose providential aids can supply every defect."2 And the first ten amendments to the Constitution included a prohibition against state­ imposed religion and a guarantee of religious freedom for our citizens.