Naval War College Review


Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, the UN Security Council issued a series of resolutions exerting increasing pressure on lraq. This process started with Resolution 660/ 90, condemning the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and reached its highest point with Resolution 678/90, which authorized the use of force against Iraq after the deadline of 15 January 1991. These resolutions were the legal umbrella under which was built the largest international military coalition to be employed in combat since World War ll. Countries from Africa, Europe, East Asia, the Pacific, North America, South America, and South Asia joined forces with nations of the Middle East. 1 The ground forces were provided by twenty-five countries, the naval forces came front twenty-three, and the air forces from fourteen