Japan's self-defense forces (SDF) have been portrayed in circles both public and academic as timid and restrained—a decorative, high-tech appendage to an economic powerhouse. The SDF have been described, for example, as "reIuctant samurai" and "wary warriors." Among the many expIanations offered for the low profile of Japan's military contributions to Western security, however, a significant factor has been overlooked: the kata factor.
Woolley, Peter J. and Woolley, Mark S.
"The Kata of Japan's Naval Forces,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 49
, Article 7.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol49/iss2/7