Daily events in the Middle East, North Africa, the African Horn, South Asia, and ex-Soviet Central Asia offer little encouragement that this region is at the “end of history”—the end of major warfare and security rivalries. Two Gulf wars have been fought in recent memory, as well as Arab-Israeli and Indian-Pakistani wars. In that obvious sense, geopolitics is alive and well in the Greater Middle East.
"Strategic Geography and the Greater Middle East,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 54
, Article 4.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol54/iss4/4