Naval War College Review


Jon Czarnecki


During the 1999 Nato-U.S. war against Serbia over Kosovo, an unprecedented number of strategic and defense think- ers published their opinions on what became known as Operation ALLIED FORCE. Most thought and comment at the time was extremely critical of the Clinton administration’s efforts to for- mulate and execute the operation. Critics bemoaned a warfighting policy that appeared pointed in the direction of a new Vietnam, focusing on gradual escalation of air strikes without the threat of ground forces. In the end, the Nato coalition forces appeared victori- ous but weighted with the indefinite mission of peacekeeping in that trou- bled and violent province. The leader of the Serbian effort, Slobodan Milosevic, ended up on trial for war crimes at the Hague.