Naval War College Review


At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Canadian Forces face a range of challenges. Reduced defense spending, uncertainty regarding missions and tasks, and the lingering effects of recent scandal have resulted in a signifi- cantly diminished military. In the midst of a rapidly emerging “revolution in military affairs” (RMA), the Canadian Forces (CF) are poorly positioned to in- troduce next-generation weapon systems.1 At the same time, Canada’s allies, in particular the United States, have undertaken dramatic defense modernization programs. It is this divergence—Canada’s reduced military capability at a time of swiftly advancing technology—that will be the focus of this article.