Naval War College Review

Article Title

In My View


Dr. Phebe Marr’s “Iraq ‘the Day After’” (Winter 2003, pp. 12–29) was presum- ably written before the Bush administration’s much promoted, rationalized, and precipitously made-inevitable “preemptive” war of Iraqi freedom. Yet at this writing in late June 2003—some nine weeks into the actual “day after”—it is clear that the paper had correctly predicted: “Replacing Saddam’s regime . . . may prove costly, and it may require a long-term American presence,” and that there will be “the policy dilemma” of working with problematically complex dynam- ics among three main ethnic and sectarian “communities” and the associated “inside [and] outside options” for potential leadership replacement.