Naval War College Review


John Garofano


Asia’s brutal colonial and wartime his- tory has left wounds that continue to shape the region’s politics and interna- tional relations. Traditional approaches to international relations say little about how to overcome lingering ani- mosity and to replace it with trust and harmonious relations. Time alone is never a solution. Nor, as Japan has dis- covered repeatedly, are apologies enough. Even need, as that between de- veloping China and economically and technologically advanced Japan, is in- sufficient. The contributors to this vol- ume demonstrate that the path to reconciliation is different for each country, requiring unique blends of a wide range of political and social ingre- dients, many of which are in short supply.