Naval War College Review


James P. Levy


It is popularly understood that after the spectacular American victory at the battle of Midway the aircraft carrier reigned supreme; that war at sea was changed completely; and that the presence of America’s two surviving carriers after the sinking of Admiral Chuichi Nagumo’s four flattops forced the cancellation of the Midway invasion and the retreat of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto’s eleven battleships, sixteen cruisers, and fifty-three destroyers from the Central Pacific.