Recent U.S. experiences—1990–91 in the Persian Gulf, in Bosnia, Kosovo, and then in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003)—have highlighted the complexities and uncertainties of basing access in the post–Cold War period. They have involved questions of access to, and overhead transit rights for, a variety of nations: all over Europe, Egypt, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Tadzhikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Djibouti, and many others. They have also highlighted the crucial importance of the future of American basing access at a time of shifting alli- ances, friendships, and enmities amid wholesale changes in the structure of the international system, and of the movement to the forefront of the issues of ter- rorism, radical Islam, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and a loom- ing hegemonic challenge by China.
Harkavy, Robert E.
"Thinking about Basing,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 58
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol58/iss3/2