Naval War College Review


Loretta Bondì


This article reviews the development of U.S. policy on controlling the prolif- eration of small arms before, during, and after the 2001 United Nations Con- ference on the Illicit Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. It chronicles the policy’s evolution from the formulations of the William J. Clinton administration to those of its successor. It argues that despite this changing of the guard, the main tenets of the policy have remained largely un- changed, and that the United States has failed to take leadership on this issue, adopting instead a minimalist approach—and correspondingly small expendi- tures.