Low-level instability is to be expected with maritime boundary disputes or when power competition occurs at sea; however, sustained escalatory cycles are unlikely because of the characteristics of the maritime strategic environment.
"Escalation at Sea: Stability and Instability in Maritime East Asia,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 71
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol71/iss4/5