Fear of abandonment and entrapment can affect alliance management in a modern strategic environment marked by gray-zone conflict. Applying notable takeaways from scholarship to the context of the modern security environment identifies the type of incidents that affect formal alliances. The U.S.-Japan alliance provides a case study of how abandonment and entrapment influence alliance interactions.
Bosack, Michael M.
"Ameliorating the Alliance Dilemma in an Age of Gray-Zone Conflict—Lessons Learned from the U.S.-Japan Alliance,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 73
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol73/iss4/5