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These accounts of the early lives, Navy appointments, and career accomplishments of the African American officers who followed in the trail that Vice Admiral Gravely blazed are offered to document the determination demonstrated and the suc-cesses achieved, under the often trying circumstances of bias encountered and obstacles that had to be overcome that the admiral mentioned in his formula for success.
U.S. Naval War College Press
van Beuren, Leadership, Professional, Professionalism, Ethics, Morality, Philosophy
Crosby, Robert, "Inspiring Innovation" (2018). The van Beuren Leadership and Ethics Series. 4.