Women, Peace, and Security



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National Action Plans (NAPs) for implementing UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) are relevant for all countries, not only those experiencing armed conflict. The 1325 framework provides Member states a strategic opportunity to leverage women’s human capital in building effective and inclusive security sector institutions. In keeping with its international commitments, the Republic of Moldova determined the need to develop the first National Action Plan in 2018. The process facilitated the creation of several ministerial action plans addressing institutional barriers to gender mainstreaming. Since the implementation of the first NAP, the security environment in and around the Republic of Moldova has become more complex. It faces an active war at the border and must make every effort to advance peace and stability.  Additionally, it’s relatively new EU candidate status commits it to undertake structural reforms. Effective and efficient delivery of security in Moldova calls for strengthening human rights and the rule of law, and the integration of the gender dimension in the security and defense sectors. On March 22, 2023, the Government approved the second generation of the WPS NAP responsive to UNSCR 1325 for the next four years. This framework provides a renewed opportunity to build a more inclusive security sector enabling increased and meaningful participation of women and eliminating  gender-based discrimination and abuse.

Publication Date

May, 2023


U.S. Naval War College


Newport, Rhode Island


Moldova, UNSCR 1325, National Action Plans (NAPs), WPS

Women Peace and Security National Action Plan Implementation in Moldova: Lesson Learned and Good Practices