Women, Peace, and Security



Download Full Text (605 KB)


Many of the provinces in the Philippines still have small enclaves populated by armed rebel groups and/or organized criminal syndicates.  These groups have the capability to disrupt the security, stability and development progress of communities.  Women pay a disproportionately high price during armed conflict as existing inequalities are magnified and women become more vulnerable to sexual violence.  Despite the significant role of women in peace and conflict, women are underrepresented in spaces dealing with conflict management, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

The session looks at security sector institutions in the Philippines, particularly the institutional responses on mainstreaming the agenda of women, peace, and security. It argues that interventions and affirmative actions on gender mainstreaming, while notable, are still obviously lacking. Pushing and expanding the boundaries of gender rights in security discourses, especially in the context of a non-international armed conflict, remain a challenge.

Publication Date

May, 2023


U.S. Naval War College


Newport, Rhode Island


WPS, Philippines, post-conflict transitions, Security Sector Reform, gender, armed conflict

Expanding Space for Women in the Security Sector: A Philippine Case Study