Women, Peace, and Security



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Every year, more countries commit to Feminist Foreign Policies (FFPs). Most of them come from the global North; however, the emergence of FFPs in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico suggests the shape of renewed designs of global governance regimes and new struggles in the search for international status. In seeking why these countries pursue FFPs, I link different bodies of scholarship and disciplines to better understand the transformative potential of the global South FFPs. In doing so, I challenge the historical and contemporary conventional assessments of the relative unimportance of small states, the Southern region, and feminism/gender in affecting international politics and international security. In this context, the WPS framework has been a crucial component of the design of FFPs. This Agenda has consolidated the predominance of the global north perspective to address the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war. However, while for some scholars WPS represents a western global governance regime based on women's economic empowerment, critical perspectives have denounced the absence of alternative and dissenting voices from the global South in producing what is considered "valid knowledge." I argue this lack of diverse perspectives perpetuates the immovable categorization of women by subordinating them as subjects receiving violence and protection while limiting their transforming agency.

Publication Date

May, 2023


U.S. Naval War College


Newport, Rhode Island


WPS, Feminist foreign Policies, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Global South, feminism, gender, international politics

Feminist Foreign Policies: A Governance Regime from the Global South?