On 6 October 1884, the Naval War College was established by General Order 325 of the Secretary of the Navy. The driving force behind the establishment of the new institution was Stephen B. Luce and his concept of professional education.
Hayes, John D.
"Stephen B. Luce and the Beginnings of the U.S. Naval War College,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 24
, Article 7.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol24/iss1/7