A devastating comparison of the latest American submarines with some captured German U-boats after World War I caused a design and strategy debate in the U.S. Navy which led eventually to a complete redefinition of the American submarine's place in war.
Weir, Gary E.
"The Search for an American Submarine Strategy and Design,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 44
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol44/iss1/3