During a speech opening Chile's 1994 "Month of the Sea" celebration, President Edurado Frei announced initiatives to enhance Chile's presence on the high seas and to protect marine resources within its national jurisdiction. In so doing, he echoed geopolitical thought of Chilean maritime theorist dating from the 1600s. The initatives stemmed in part from disputed over free fishing and navigation on the high seas, wherein, Frei argued, certain maritime powers were disregarding weaker coastal states' interests.
Zackrison, James L. and Meason, James E.
"Chile, Mar Presendal, and the Law of the Sea,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 50
, Article 29.
Available at: http://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol50/iss3/29