With the surrender of the Japanese in 1945, Ho Chi Minh and his compatriots faced the problem of building an industrialized Marxist nation from an extremely localistic peasant society.
Buehl, Louis H.
"Marxist Nation Building in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 23
, Article 11.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol23/iss2/11