Naval War College Review


John R. Probert


In July 1965 the Johnson administration made the fateful decision of relying on the draft rather than calling up the Reserves to augment U.S. forces in Vietnam. By virtue of this action the traditional role of the Reserves was abandoned to the eventual detriment of the politicians who made the decision and to the military services themselves. By examining the role of Reserve forces in America's civil-military relations, as they have evolved to the present day, we may be able to appreciate better the significance of the Reserves not only to the military, but to our political system and American society as a whole.