At the time of Nasser's death the Soviet Union had reached the pinnacle of its influence in Egypt and throughout the Middle East. 1 The Russians had acquired air and naval bases in Egypt which greatly enhanced their military position in the eastern Mediterranean vis-a-vis the United States and had obtained port rights in Syria, Yemen, South Yemen, the Sudan, and Iraq, which gave increased Soviet access to the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Indian Ocean.
Freedman, Robert O.
"Soviet Policy Toward Sadat's Egypt from the Death of Nasser to The Fall of General,"
Naval War College Review: Vol. 26
, Article 9.
Available at: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/nwc-review/vol26/iss5/9