Naval War College Review


Arnold Kuzmack


The October 1973 war in the Middle East finally witnessed the long threatened use of the Arab "oil weapon." The major Arab oil producers-Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, the Sheikhdoms on the Persian Gulf, Algeria, and Libya-all embargoed shipments of their oil to the United States. The embargo was de• signed to curtail U.S. military, eco­nomic, and diplomatic support for Israel and to cause this nation to force Israel to return to the pre-1967 cease-fire lines.