Naval War College Review


American naval policy and doctrine from 1900 to World War ll was oriented almost exclusively to the Pacific and Japan (save for World War I), an orientation thoroughly adhered to by Ernest J. King at least from the time he earned his aviator's wings in 1926. Unlike his interwar contemporaries in the Army who were either apathetic or pessimistic about a war in the Pacific, King and the Navy in fleet maneuvers and theoretical studies fashioned a naval strategy designed to defeat Japan, the ORANGE enemy. King himself therefore developed a consistency of thought and single-mindedness of purpose which during World War II his peers and detractors alike found maddening.