Naval War College Review


During late 1974 and early 1975, reports appeared in such publications as Time, Newsweek, and Harper's de­scribing in detail how the United States might, in the event of another oil embargo, militarily intervene to seize Arab oilfields in order to ensure access to that essential commodity. The re­ports were generally dismissed by senior American policymakers. 1 While it re­mains to be seen whether the military option will be exercised in the Persian Gulf of the l 970's, recently declassified documents from the late l 940's indicate that speculation about American mili• tary action in that area is not a recent development.